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Action research vs Traditional research

Action research is any systematic inquiry conducted by educators for the purpose of gathering information about how they teach, and how their students learn (Mertler, 2014). For example, action research allows educators using instructional methods to help their students better understand and improve their quality or effectiveness in learning process. The basic process of action research consists of four stages which are planning, acting, developing and reflecting (Mertler, 2014).

Traditional research is the systematic inquiry to collect and analyze the data related to the field of educational study (McMillan, 2016). Traditional research focuses on conclusions and result in order to advance knowledge in various field (McMillan, 2016).

The process of action research

1.planning stage

• Identifying and limiting the topic • Gathering information • Reviewing related literature • Developing a research plan

2.Acting stage

• Collecting data • Analyzing data

3.Developing stage

• Developing an action plan

4.Reflecting stage

• Sharing and communicating results • Reflecting on the process

Mertler, C. (2014). Action research: Improving schools and empowering educators (4th ed., pp. 1-324). Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications.

The types of the traditional research

McMillan, J. H. (2016). Fundamentals of educational research (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson. ISBN-13: 978-0133579161.

Research design

1.Qualitative: A case study focus on the detailed examination of a single setting, a single subject, or particular event. Qualitative Research is primarily exploratory research, always focus on group discussions, individual interviews, and participation/observations (Mertler, 2014).

2.Quantitative: A case of study fall into four categories which are descriptive designs, correlational designs, group comparisons, and single-subject designs. Quantitative data collection includes surveys, questionnaires, and rating scales, checklists, tests and other formal instruments (Mertler, 2014).

3.Mixed-methods research: A case of study involved the collection of both qualitative and quantitative data. Mixed-methods includes explanatory design, exploratory design and triangulation design (Mertler, 2014).

McMillan, J. H. (2016). Fundamentals of educational research (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson. ISBN-13: 978-0133579161.

Reflection

According to understanding of ETEC543, I learned what is action research and the process of action research. I also learned qualitative data collection and quantitative data collection in my research process. Moreover, I learned how to write the professional action research paper. There are several key components within action research, which includes research question, data collection and data analysis. This is my first time to write professional action research paper, the paper has some limitations. In the future, I will conduct more action research to improve my performance.

According to the ETEC643, I learned what is educational research and types of educational research. I also learned how to analyze the quantitative data and qualitative data in my research process. In addition, I start to do my educational research and design it at the first time. In the ETEC643, I have the educational research related to the effectiveness of TOEFL app to help Chinese students to increase the TOEFL exam score. Then, I according to the pre-test and post-test, and interview to collect and analyze the data from the participant.

Sample work

ETEC543 Program

In the ETEC543 class, my group member and I conducted an action research about getting parents more involved with their kindergarten students homework using a PowerPoint as a technology tool. The PowerPoint was posted on ClassDojo at the beginning of each week and there were 15 parents that was connected to ClassDojo. However, there are several reasons that lead parents cannot help their student complete their homework by following the directions, which includes educational level, busy time and lack of patient.

The results also show that parents are becoming more involved in their student's homework because the homework packets are coming back completed with the same results of using the PowerPoint.

ETEC543 report

ETEC643 Program

In the program, I chose 12 Chinese students who prepare the TOEFL test in USA. Then, I designed that using time of the app for participant, such as 2 hours each day. In the research, I used mix-method design, both quantitative and qualitative methods.Thus, the research questions are: 1.Does use of the Xiaozhan TOEFL app improve Chinse college students TOEFL reading? 2.What are Chinse college student’s perception of using Xiaozhan TOEFL?

ETEC643 paper

Reference

Mertler, C. (2014). Action research: Improving schools and empowering educators (4th ed., pp. 1-324). Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications.

McMillan, J. H. (2016). Fundamentals of educational research (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson. ISBN-13: 978-0133579161.

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