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What is instructional design

Instructional design is a way to plan you training program from the moment you have the idea for it until the moment you complete your revisions of your first effort and get already to run the program again (Piskurich, 2015). Instructional design is the practice of systematic designing, developing, and delivering instructional products to gain knowledge (Piskurich, 2015). Also, it is simply process for helping you create an effective training in efficient manner.


It is an acronym for a five-phase course development process which include analysis, design, development, implementation, evaluation (Piskurich, 2015).

1. Analysis

Goal is the learning solutions that match performance needs identified and analyzed (Piskurich, 2015). There is 3 approach which include people item, document recovery, literature review.

Who----who is your target audience

What----what is the content of the program

How----the method that will be used to determine that content has been delivered

2. Design

Goal is that complete design document for the learning intervention (Piskurich, 2015). This phase deal with the objectives, assessment instruments, content and lesson planning.

Document of the project visual and design stratege



3. Development

Goal is that learning materials complete and intervention ready to pilot. In this process, the project is reviewed and revised according to any feedback from target audience (Piskurich, 2015).

4. Implementation

Goal is intervention piloted and delivered (Piskurich, 2015). There are two important implementation practice which are beta-test and pilots.

Beta test called design test. It is an approach to check the vibility of your course before you implement it. In this phase, you will receive feedback from the audience.

Pilots is to make sure the class will work just as you designed it when you deliver it for real.

Difference: The designer can stop doing the beta-test in the process of program. However, the designer cannot stop doing the pilot until you finished all program.

5. Evaluation

Goal is that course improvement opportunities determined. This system of evaluation was created by Donald Krikpatrick, and he assigned 4 levels which include reacting, learning, behavior, results in each of types of evaluation. The types of evaluation include are:

Trainee reaction to the course

Skills and knowledge mastery and retention

Improvements in job performance

Return on investment

Dick and Carey Model

The Dick, and Carey model is another basic instructional design model, which requires the following 9 steps. All steps refer to the Dick and Carey model below:



According to the understanding of ETEC544, I learned how to design the project to help learners to learn and what teaching methods will help learners achieve their learning goals as efficiently as possible. Also, I learned the ADDIE model which is basic model of instructional design and using it in my design process. This is my first time to design project and course related to the needs assessment of the target audience, I will keep working it.

According to the understanding of ETEC644, I learned how to design and development the project to help learners to learn and what teaching methods will help learners achieve their learning goals as efficiently as possible. Also, I learned the Dick, Carey and Carey model which is basic model of instructional design and using it in my design process. Also, Gagne's Nine Events helped me to build the framework with which to prepare and deliver instructional content in the program. Then, according to ARCS model, I used video, images, colors to attract learners' attetention.

Sample work

ETEC544 Program

In ETEC544 class, my group member and I designed a program for kindergarteners. This program is designed to help kindergarteners at Barton Elementary increase their ability to read common high-frequency words by sight on the SmartBoard, which can help them meet their grade level standards.


ETEC644 Program

In ETEC644 class, I designed the program to help Chinese parents to pass the USA Custom. The goal of the program is that helping Chinese parents to pass the Customs with no add stress. The target audience already know the topic focus on helping them to pass the USA Customs independently and the instruction of the program will be delivered completely online. After using the program, the target audience clearly understand all contents before they arrive the USA and the content from the website of the USA Customs, which include different documents is which prepare before and some forbidden items. Then, they clearly understand the basic process when they are passing the USA Customs. Also, they clearly understand some basic questions and dialogues that customs officials will ask when they are passing the Customs.



Piskurich, G. (2015). Rapid Instructional Design: Learning ID Fast and Right. (3th ed.). John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Hoboken, New Jersey.

Dick, W., Carey, L. & Carey, J. (2015). Systematic Design of Instruction, (8th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.

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